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West Coast Rare Books

West Coast Rare Books

Westport / Ireland

Locke, Two Treatises of Government. Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto.

Locke, Two Treatises of Government. Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto.

Locke, John. Two Treatises of Government. Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto. Two Treatises of Government. In the Former the false Principles and Foundation of Sir Robert Filmer and his Followers are detected and overthrown. The Latter is an Essay concerning the true original Extent and End of civil Government. Reprinted, the sixth time. London, Millar, Woodfall, Whiston et al, 1764. 20 x 12.5 cm. (10), 416 pages. With a folding engraved frontispiece, showing the author. Contemporary full calf. Gilt title and decorations on spine. Raised bands. Red morroco label. Very good condition. Rubbed and bumped. Small material losses to tail end of spine (see images). Edges and end papers age darkened. Small worm hole to front free end paper and folded frontispiece (see image). Name of previous owner (‘William Thomson’) in ink on content page, dated 1995. Internally age darkened, but very clean.

John Locke (1632 – 1704) was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the “Father of Liberalism”. Considered one of the first of the British empiricists, following the tradition of Sir Francis Bacon, Locke is equally important to social contract theory. His work greatly affected the development of epistemology and political philosophy. His writings influenced Voltaire and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and many Scottish Enlightenment thinkers, as well as the American Revolutionaries. His contributions to classical republicanism and liberal theory are reflected in the United States Declaration of Independence.
Locke’s theory of mind is often cited as the origin of modern conceptions of identity and the self, figuring prominently in the work of later philosophers such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, David Hume, and Immanuel Kant. Locke was the first to define the self through a continuity of consciousness. He postulated that, at birth, the mind was a blank slate, or tabula rasa. Contrary to Cartesian philosophy based on pre-existing concepts, he maintained that we are born without innate ideas, and that knowledge is instead determined only by experience derived from sense perception, a concept now known as empiricism. Demonstrating the ideology of science in his observations, whereby something must be capable of being tested repeatedly and that nothing is exempt from being disproved, Locke stated that “whatever I write, as soon as I discover it not to be true, my hand shall be the forwardest to throw it into the fire”. Such is one example of Locke’s belief in empiricism. Challenging the work of others, Locke is said to have established the method of introspection, i.e. observing the emotions and behaviours of one’s self (Wikipedia).
Editor’s Note from the Book: ‘The present Edition of this Book has not only been collated with the first three Editions, which were published during the Author’s Life, but also has the Advantage of his last Corrections and Improvements, from a Copy delivered by him to Mr. Peter Coste, communicated to the Editor, and now lodged in Christ College, Cambridge’.

Our price: EUR 600,-- 

Locke, Two Treatises of Government. Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto.
Locke, Two Treatises of Government. Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto.
Locke, Two Treatises of Government. Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto.
Locke, Two Treatises of Government. Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto.
Locke, Two Treatises of Government. Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto.

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